Tuesday, 25 June 2024 00:00

Causes of Toe Swelling

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Toe swelling can result from a variety of causes, ranging from minor issues to more serious health conditions. One common cause is injury, such as stubbing your toe or dropping something heavy on it, which can lead to bruising and swelling. Infections, including fungal infections like athlete's foot or bacterial infections, can also cause swelling and redness. Arthritis, particularly gout, is another culprit, often leading to painful, swollen toes due to the buildup of uric acid crystals. Poor circulation, which can be associated with conditions like diabetes or peripheral artery disease, may cause fluid buildup in the toes, resulting in swelling. Additionally, wearing ill-fitting shoes that pinch or put pressure on the toes can lead to swelling and discomfort. If you have swollen toes, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can determine what the cause is, and offer appropriate treatment solutions.

Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Barbara Davis of Gilbert Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Causes Toe Pain?

Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.

Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Trauma
  • Sports injury
  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Corns and calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Blisters
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Sprains
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Dislocations

When to See a Podiatrist

  • Severe pain
  • Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
  • Signs of infection
  • Continued swelling
  • Pain that prevents walking


In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.


Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Gilbert, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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